Bibliology – the Doctrine of the Bible – The term Bibliology (from Greek biblos meaning “book”) refers to the study of the nature of the Bible as revelation. It often includes such topics as revelation, inspiration, inerrancy, canonicity, illumination, and interpretation.
There are several words that we must understand if we wish to study and understand God’s Word, The Holy Bible.
A. Revelation – may be defined as God’s communication of divine truth to man concerning that which man could not otherwise know about God and His will. Since man is spiritually dead, it is impossible for man to know anything about God unless God reveals it to him. In a general sense, man has always possessed a limited amount of revelation concerning God as communicated through His creation (Job 37:1-6; Psalm 19:1-6; Acts 14:17; Romans 1:20) and His dealings with man (Genesis 1:26; Acts 17:24-27). However, in order for man to gain a true and experiential knowledge of God, special revelation was necessary.
In conveying His message, God spoke progressively and in various supernatural ways including:
1. Dreams – Genesis 37:5-9 “And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated him yet the more. And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this dream which I have dreamed: For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf. And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words. And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.”
2. Visions – Genesis 15:1 “After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.” (See also Isaiah 6:1-8; Amos 7-9)
3. Direct Communication – 1 Samuel 3:3-14 “And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep; That the LORD called Samuel: and he answered, Here am I. And he ran unto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou calledst me. And he said, I called not; lie down again. And he went and lay down. And the LORD called yet again, Samuel. And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And he answered, I called not, my son; lie down again. Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed unto him. And the LORD called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And Eli perceived that the LORD had called the child. Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, Go, lie down: and it shall be, if he call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, LORD; for thy servant heareth. So Samuel went and lay down in his place. And the LORD came, and stood, and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel answered, Speak; for thy servant heareth. And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle. In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an end. For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever for the iniquity which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not. And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli’s house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever.”
4. Theophanies – Genesis 32:24-30 “And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob’s thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he said, Jacob. And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there. And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” (See also Genesis 18)
5. Miracles – 1 Kings 18:17-40
“17 And it came to pass, when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said unto him, Art thou he that troubleth Israel?
18 And he answered, I have not troubled Israel; but thou, and thy father’s house, in that ye have forsaken the commandments of the LORD, and thou hast followed Baalim.
19 Now therefore send, and gather to me all Israel unto mount Carmel, and the prophets of Baal four hundred and fifty, and the prophets of the groves four hundred, which eat at Jezebel’s table.
20 So Ahab sent unto all the children of Israel, and gathered the prophets together unto mount Carmel.
21 And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD be God, follow him: but if Baal, then follow him. And the people answered him not a word.
22 Then said Elijah unto the people, I, even I only, remain a prophet of the LORD; but Baal’s prophets are four hundred and fifty men.
23 Let them therefore give us two bullocks; and let them choose one bullock for themselves, and cut it in pieces, and lay it on wood, and put no fire under: and I will dress the other bullock, and lay it on wood, and put no fire under:
24 And call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the LORD: and the God that answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken.
25 And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first; for ye are many; and call on the name of your gods, but put no fire under.
26 And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.
27 And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, Cry aloud: for he is a god; either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth, and must be awaked.
28 And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon them.
29 And it came to pass, when midday was past, and they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that there was neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any that regarded.
30 And Elijah said unto all the people, Come near unto me. And all the people came near unto him. And he repaired the altar of the LORD that was broken down.
31 And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of the LORD came, saying, Israel shall be thy name:
32 And with the stones he built an altar in the name of the LORD: and he made a trench about the altar, as great as would contain two measures of seed.
33 And he put the wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces, and laid him on the wood, and said, Fill four barrels with water, and pour it on the burnt sacrifice, and on the wood.
34 And he said, Do it the second time. And they did it the second time. And he said, Do it the third time. And they did it the third time.
35 And the water ran round about the altar; and he filled the trench also with water.
36 And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou art God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have done all these things at thy word.
37 Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may know that thou art the LORD God, and that thou hast turned their heart back again.
38 Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.
39 And when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces: and they said, The LORD, he is the God; the LORD, he is the God.
40 And Elijah said unto them, Take the prophets of Baal; let not one of them escape. And they took them: and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there.” (See also Genesis 6-9; John 20:30-31)
6. Prophets unto the people – Hebrews 1:1 “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,” 2 Peter 1:21 “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” Hosea 1:1 “The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.” Joel 1:1 “The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.”
7. The Incarnate Son of God – John 1:1-18
“1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
2 The same was in the beginning with God.
3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
9 That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me.
16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.
17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
18 No man hath seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.” (See also Hebrews 1:2; John 14:7)
8. The Written Word of God – 1 Corinthians 2:9-11 “But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.” 2 Timothy 3:16 “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:”
God’s Revelation ceased with the completion of the written Word – the Bible – Revelation 22:18-19 “For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.”
B. Inspiration – Inspiration is that inexplicable working of the Holy Spirit whereby He guided the human authors of the Bible in choosing the very words (verbal) they used in writing every portion (plenary) of the original manuscripts so that the Bible is, in all its parts, both infallible, as to truth, and final, as to authority. The guidance of the human authors by the Holy Spirit was such that He used their own individual personalities to record without error God’s revelation which is to be the only authoritative source for man’s faith and practice.
Matthew 5:17-18, 24:35 “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled…Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.” (See also Luke 21:15; John 5:39, 10:35; 1 Corinthians 2:10-13; 2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:21; Exodus 4:10-15; 2 Samuel 23:2; Isaiah 8:1; Jeremiah 1:9, 30:2, 32:2; 1 Corinthians 11;23, 14:37; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Galatians 1:11-12; Hebrews 1:1-2; Revelation 1:11; Genesis 1:26; Exodus 4:12; Isaiah 51:16; Ezekiel 1:3; Revelation 14:13; Hebrews 6:18; Titus 1:2)
C. Inerrancy and Infallibility – Since God is the Divine Author of the Scriptures, and since the Holy Spirit guided the human authors, and since God is true – John 3:33; 17:3 “He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal that God is true… And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.” Romans 3:4 “God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.” His Word must be true and without error. Not only is the Bible without error, but it speaks with precise accuracy and reliability – John 17:17 ” Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.”
D. Authority – That which the Scriptures proclaim, they speak with the absolute authority of “Thus saith the Lord.” Since it is the Word of the Almighty God, it is binding upon all men.
Matthew 22:29-32 “Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.” (See also Matt. 21:42, 5:17-18, 26:53-54)
John 5:39 “Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.” God’s Word is, therefore, man’s absolute authority for faith and practice.
E. Canonicity – The word “canon” comes from the Hebrew word for a measuring instrument or “that which keeps a thing straight” and implies the idea of a “standard.” The Scriptures are an authoritative standard for the faith and practice, not because they passed man-made tests, but because they are God-breathed, or inspired. During the process of determining canonicity, the Holy Spirit simply led men to recognize that which was already fact.
The Old Testament canon consists of 39 books – cf. Joshua 8:31-35, 23:6; 1 Kings 2:3; 2 Kings 14:6; Ezra 7:6; Malachi 4:4; also Matthew 5:17; Luke 24:27, 44; Matthew 23:35; 2 Timothy 3:16. The New Testament canon consists of 27 books – cf. John 14:26, 16:12-15; 1 Thessalonians 2:13, 5:27; 1 Corinthians 2:7-13; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; 2 Peter 3:15-16.
F. Illumination – is the work of the Holy Spirit whereby He gives individuals the ability to understand the Word of God. Because of sin, man’s understanding has been darkened so that no one can understand Scripture properly without Divine assistance – Romans 1:21 “Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.” Ephesians 4:18 ” Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:” 1 Corinthians 2:14 “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” It is the Holy Spirit which enlightens the mind of the believer to understand the Scriptures – 1 Corinthians 2:6-16; 1 John 2:20, 27; John 16:8; 2 Corinthians 4;4.
G. Interpretation – The Scriptures must be interpreted on the basis of sound exegesis (explanation, exposition) and the illuminating ministry of the Holy Spirit. The Scriptures are to be interpreted literally giving consideration to the historical, cultural, and grammatical context of the passage. The premillennial, dispensational system of interpretation is the correct approach to understanding the progressive unfolding of God’s plan. (More on how to understand the Scriptures from a dispensational aspect later.)
H. Preservation – God has providentially worked to assure that His Word is kept accurate through the centuries – Isaiah 40:8 “The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.” Isaiah 55:11 “So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.” See also 1 Peter 1:23-25; Psalm 12:6-7, 119:89, 119:152; Matthew 24:35; Luke 21:33; Matthew 5:18. Because the originals no longer exist, these verses are either not true or God has kept His Word and promise through copies of the original and in other languages.
I believe that God has preserved His eternal Word for English people today in the Authorized Version, also known as the King James Version of 1611. All other English versions deviate from the truth, leave out passages, change meanings of words, verses, and texts and weaken the major doctrines of the faith. For example: of the 5,332 complete New Testament manuscripts in the original Greek still in existence today, only 10 of them leave out portions or all of Acts 8:37 “And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” The New International Version (NIV) deletes this verse completely. This they do on the basis of making God’s Word more easy to understand. I say, “Bunk to that.” As addressed above, if we have Jesus as our Saviour, and trust in His indwelling Holy Spirit, He gives us the understanding that we need.
According to Dr. Floyd Jones, Th. D., Ph.D., the NIV has 2,922 fewer words in the New Testament than the KJV and over 6,300 less words than the KJV in the whole Bible. (For more proof and comparisons of the corrupt versions go HERE)
“The 1611 KJV is from a superior text, translated by superior translators into a superior English,” said Bible historian, Dr. Jewell Smith. There were 54 translators of the KJV 1611. Each was commissioned by King James and knew how to fluently speak between 3 and 10 languages. They were not religionists, but linguists.
Thousands of martyrs have given their lives to protect and promote the Textus Receptus (Received text from which we get the KJV). It is hard to find anyone who ever died to protect the perverted texts. They are not worth dying for.